Some important dates in modern computer science


This page lists some important dates in modern computer science, starting in the 1970s, with the generalization of personal computers (PCs).


Hardware


DateDeviceManufacturer
1976Apple IApple
1981The IBM PC (Acorn)IBM
1983Apple Lisa (the first personal computer with a GUI)Apple
1986The Deskpro 386 (32-bit architecture)Compaq
1993The Pentium microprocessorIntel
2003Athlon 64 (The first 64-bit processor)AMD
2007The iPhoneApple
2010The iPadApple

Operating systems


DateEventDeveloper(s)
1971UnixKen Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Brian Kernighan, Douglas McIlroy and Joe Ossanna at Bell Labs
1981MS-DOSMicrosoft
1983-09-27The GNU ProjectRichard Stallman
1984-01-24The Macintosh System 1Apple
1985-11-20Windows 1.0Microsoft
1991-09-17LinuxLinus Torvalds
2001-03-24mac OS XApple
2007-06-29iOSApple
2008-07-23AndroidThe Open Hanset Alliance

Databases


DateEventAuthor(s)/Developer(s)
1970-06Relational model of dataEdgar F. Codd
1974SQLDonald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce at IBM
1979Oracle databaseOracle
1989-04-24Microsoft SQL serverMicrosoft
1993IBM db2IBM
1995-05-23mySQLMySQL AB
1996-27-08PostgreSQLPostgreSQL Global Development Group
2000-08-17SQLiteDwayne Richard Hipp
2009-10-29MariaDBMariaDB Corporation Ab and MariaDB Foundation

Programming languages (1st versions)


DateEventDesigner(s)
1972CDennis Ritchie
1985C++Bjarne Stroustrup
1987-12-18PerlLarry Wall
1991-02-20PythonGuido van Rossum
1993-08RRoss Ihaka and Robert Gentleman
1995-05-23JavaJames Gosling
1995-06-08PHPRasmus Lerdorf
1995-12-04JavaScript (first released as LiveScript)Brendan Eich at Netscape
1995-12-21RubyYukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto
2000C#Anders Hejlsberg at Microsoft
2009-11-10GoRobert Griesemer, Rob Pike and Ken Thompson at Google
2010-07-07RustGraydon Hoare at Mozilla
2011-07-22KotlinJetBrains
2012-10-01TypeScriptMicrosoft
2014-06-02SwiftChris Lattner, Doug Gregor, John McCall, Ted Kremenek and Joe Groff at Apple

The internet


DateEventAuthor(s)
1973TCP/IPVint Cerf and Bob Kahn at the IPTO (US Department of Defense)
1990-12-25WorldWideWebTim Berners-Lee at CERN
1991-05-14Line Mode Browser 0.7Tim Berners-Lee, Henrik Frystyk Nielsen and Nicola Pellow
1993-01-23MosaicNCSA
1994-07-05AmazonJeff Bezos
1994-12-15Netscape Navigator 1.0Netscape
1995-08Internet ExplorerThomas Reardon at Microsoft
1995-11-24HTML 2The HTML Working Group
1996-12-17CSS 1Håkon Wium Lie and Bert Bos
1998-09-04GoogleLarry Page and Sergey Brin

Other resources



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